Stoic News

By Dave Kelly

Wednesday, June 30, 2004

Analytic meditation

'"The second step of thinking or reflecting on the teachings also includes analytic or checking meditation. Although we call it checking meditation, and it is meditation, it actually falls into this second step of thinking or reflecting on the meaning of the teachings. Analytic meditation does not mean just an intellectual process; we are really trying to take what we have learned through hearing and make it our own."'

Monday, June 14, 2004

Socrates: Weakness of will denied

Stoicism's unitary, or monistic, psychology has its roots in Socratic ideas.

"In fact, during Hellenistic times it was the Socratic, 'unitary' psychology of action that carried the day; the Platonic-Aristotelian alternative, dominant in the 'common sense' and the philosophy of modern times, was a minority view. The issues Socrates raised about weakness of will continue to be debated today." -- John M. Cooper, "Socrates," Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Saturday, June 12, 2004

Stoicism's monistic psychology

"I would add to a list of things that cannot be altered without it
ceasing to be Stoic Stoicism's unique and fundamental monistic
psychology. The Stoics rejected Plato's tripartite soul wherein the
self is divided into rational, appetitive, and competitive faculties.
They theorized a unitary rational commanding-faculty.

We are responsible for the state of our reason and, thus, for our
passions (L&S pg. 65). Stoicism's monistic psychology is absolutely necessary as a basis for the Stoic theories of passion and moral responsibility (L&S pp. 421-23)" (Stoics).

Friday, June 11, 2004

"Orhodox Stoicism" / "Classical Stoicism"

Jan Garrett is Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy and Religion, Western Kentucky University, and Co-Moderator of the International Stoic Forum.